CIA Director Fast Facts | CNN



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Here’s a look at the directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As part of the American intelligence community, the CIA collects information on foreign governments, organized crime, and terrorist groups.

September 18, 1947 – The Central Intelligence Agency is established. It was created by President Harry S. Truman under the National Security Act of 1947.

December 2004 – President George W. Bush signs terrorism prevention legislation, making the director of central intelligence position the director of the CIA. Porter Goss is the first “D/CIA” after the reorganization.

William J. Burns

– March 19, 2021-today
– Appointed by President Joe Biden.
– Career Foreign Service official
– Other experiences – Deputy Secretary of State, President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and US Ambassador to Russia and Jordan.

Sidney Sowers
– From January 23 to June 10, 1946
– Truman appointed Director of Central Intelligence to the National Intelligence Authority.
– Military career – Admiral, US Navy; Deputy Chief of Naval Intelligence
– Later Career – First Executive Secretary, National Security Council (1947-1950)

Hoyt S. Vandenberg
– June 10, 1946-May 1, 1947
– Truman appointed Director of Central Intelligence to the National Intelligence Authority.
– Military career – General, US Army Air Corps
– Later Career – Deputy Chief of Staff, Air Force; Air Force Chief of Staff

Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter
– May 1, 1947-October 7, 1950
– Truman appointed Director of Central Intelligence to the National Intelligence Authority.
– November 24, 1947- Reappointed, first director under the new National Security Act
– December 8, 1947- Confirmation by the Senate
– Military career – Admiral, US Navy; Intelligence Officer, Staff of Pacific Commander, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz
– Later Career – Vice Admiral; Chief Marine Inspector

Walter Bedell Smith
– October 7, 1950-February 9, 1953
– Appointed by Truman.
– Military career – Lieutenant General in the US Army; Chief of Staff to General Dwight D. Eisenhower; Commander, First Army
– Other experiences – Ambassador of the Soviet Union (1946-1949)
– Later career – Deputy Secretary of State (1953-1954)

Allen Dulles
– February 26, 1953-November 29, 1961
– Appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
– Experience – US Diplomatic Service (1916-1926); Chief of the Office of Strategic Services, Bern, Switzerland (1942-1945); Deputy Director of Plans, CIA; Deputy Director of the CIA

John A. McCone
– November 29, 1961-April 28, 1965
– Appointed by President John F. Kennedy.
– Military career – Deputy Secretary of Defense; Under Secretary of the Air Force
– Other experiences – President of the Atomic Energy Commission

William F. Raborn Jr.
– April 28, 1965-June 30, 1966
– Appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
– Military career – Vice Admiral; Director of the US Army Office of Special Projects; Deputy Chief of Naval Operations

Richard Helms
June 30, 1966-February 2, 1973
– Named by Johnson.
– Military career – US Naval Reserve
– Other experiences – Strategic Services Office (1943-1947); Deputy Director of Plans, CIA
– Later career – US Ambassador to Iran (1973-1977)

James Schlesinger
February 3, 1973-July 2, 1973
– Appointed by President Richard M. Nixon.
– Experience – University of Virginia, Professor of Economics; Deputy Director, Office of Management and Budget; President of the Atomic Energy Commission
– Later Career – Secretary of Defense (1973-1975); Secretary of Energy (1977-1979)

William Colby
– September 4, 1973-January 30, 1976
– Appointed by Nixon.
– Military Career – Entered the US Army as a 2nd Lieutenant.
– Other Experience – Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945), rose through the ranks of the CIA; Deputy Director of Operations, CIA; the lawyer

George HW Bush
– January 30, 1976-January 20, 1977
– Appointed by President Gerald R. Ford.
– Military career – Army pilot
– Other experiences – Congressman from Texas; Ambassador to the United Nations; Chairman of the Republican National Committee; US General Liaison Office, China
– Later career – US Vice President and President

Stansfield Turner
– March 9, 1977-January 20, 1981
– Appointed by President Jimmy Carter.
– Military career – Admiral, US Navy; Director, Systems Analysis Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations; President of the US Naval War College; Commander, US Second Fleet; Supreme Commander, Allied Forces Southern Europe, NATO

William Casey
– January 28, 1981-January 29, 1987
– Appointed by President Ronald Reagan.
– Military career – Officer, US Naval Reserve
– Other experiences – lawyer; Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945); SEC, Chairman; Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs; chairman and president, US Export-Import Bank; the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board; director, Reagan presidential campaign

William Webster
– May 26, 1987-August 31, 1991
– Appointed by Reagan.
– Military career – Lieutenant, US Army
– Other experiences – US Attorney; Judge, US District Court and US Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit; Director of the FBI (1978-1987)

Robert Gates
– November 6, 1991-January 20, 1993
– Appointed by George HW Bush.
– Experience – Intelligence analyst, CIA; National Security Council staff; Deputy Director of the CIA; Chairman of the National Intelligence Council; Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security Affairs; Secretary of Defense (2006-2011)

R. James Woolsey Jr.
– February 5, 1993-January 10, 1995
– Appointed by President Bill Clinton.
– Military career – Captain, US Army
– Other experiences – National Security Council staff; Senior Counsel, Senate Armed Services Committee; Under Secretary of the Navy; Adviser to the US SALT I Delegation; Ambassador and US representative, negotiations on conventional armed forces in Europe

John Deutch
– May 10, 1995-December 15, 1996
– Appointed by Clinton.
– Experience – Systems Analyst, Department of Defense; Undersecretary of Energy; Deputy Secretary of Defense; Deputy Secretary of Defense
– Later Career – Professor of Chemistry, MIT

George Tenet
– July 11, 1997-July 11, 2004
– Appointed by Clinton.
– Experience – Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (1982-1988); Special Assistant to the President and Director General for Intelligence Programs, National Security Council; Deputy Director of the CIA

Porter Goss
– September 24, 2004-May 5, 2006
– Appointed by George W. Bush.
– Military career – US Army intelligence officer
– Other experiences – CIA clandestine service officer; Sanibel, Florida, City Councilman, Mayor, Lee County Commission Chairman; Congressman from Florida; Chairman, House Standing Committee on Intelligence

Michael Hayden
– May 30, 2006-February 13, 2009
– Appointed by George W. Bush.
– Military career – General, US Air Force

Leon Panetta
– February 13, 2009-June 30, 2011
– Appointed by President Barack Obama.
– Military career – Captain, US Army
– Other experiences – Head of staff; representative of California; Chairman, House Budget Committee; Director of the Management and Budget Office
– July 1, 2011-February 2013 – Secretary of Defense.

David Petraeus
– September 6, 2011-November 2, 2012
– Appointed by Obama.
– Military career – Commander of US Central Command (CentCom); Commander, US Forces in Afghanistan (USFOR-A) and NATO’s International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

John Brennan
– March 8, 2013-January 20, 2017
– Appointed by Obama.
– Career – Joined the CIA in 1980; CIA Chief of Staff; Deputy Executive Director of the CIA; director of the CIA’s Terrorist Threat Integration Center; CEO of Analysis Corporation

Mike Pompeo
– January 23, 2017-April 26, 2018
– Appointed by President Donald Trump
– Military career – US Army (1986-1991)
– Other experiences – Thayer Aerospace, founder and CEO; Sentry International, President; U.S. Representative from Kansas (2011-2017); Secretary of State (2018-2021)

Gina Haspel
– May 21, 2018-January 19, 2021
– Appointed by Trump
– Career – Joined the CIA in 1985; Head of the station; Deputy Director of the National Clandestine Service and Chief of Staff of the Director of the National Clandestine Service
– Acting CIA Director Mike Pompeo after being sworn in as Secretary of State
– The first woman to become director of the CIA