Here is Columbus Day and Indigenous Peoples Day. In 2022, both are celebrated on October 10.
Columbus Day is celebrated on the second Monday of October. Before it became a legal federal holiday in 1971, many states celebrated Columbus Day on October 12.
It marks the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to America. He landed on Guanahani Island in the Bahamas on October 12, 1492.
Columbus and his crew of 90 people set sail about 10 weeks earlier in their ships – Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria.
Many historians agree that Columbus was not the first person to discover the Americas, nor was he the first European. Indigenous peoples lived in America for centuries before Columbus arrived.
More than 100 cities, such as Seattle, Los Angeles, Denver, Phoenix, San Francisco, and even entire states, including Minnesota, Alaska, Vermont, and Oregon, have replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous People’s Day.
The movement seeks to raise awareness of Columbus’s treatment of indigenous people and to respect and celebrate indigenous culture.
Berkeley, California was the first city to recognize Indigenous Peoples Day in 1992.
Instead of Indigenous Peoples Day, Hawaii celebrates Discoverers Day on the second Monday in October, and South Dakota celebrates Native American Day.
Many Christopher Columbus statues around the world are being removed or replaced.
1792 – The first Columbus Day celebration by The Society of St. It is organized by Tammany and takes place in New York (300th anniversary of the landing of Columbus).
1892 – President Benjamin Harrison issues a proclamation establishing the celebration of Columbus Day, the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ landing.
April 7, 1907 – Colorado becomes the first state to declare Columbus Day a legal holiday.
1920 – Columbus Day begins to be celebrated every year.
October 12, 1937 – First federal celebration of Columbus Day under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1971 – Columbus Day becomes a federal holiday in the United States. Presidential Proclamation (PL90-363) states that Columbus Day is always on the second Monday in October.
October 8, 2021 – US President Joe Biden proclaims October 11 as Indigenous Peoples’ Day. In his proclamation, the President acknowledges the death and destruction caused to local communities after Columbus traveled to North America in the late 1500s, ushering in European exploration of the Western Hemisphere.