Here’s a look at the life of former Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
Birthday date: November 12, 1948
Birth place: Sorkheh, Iran
Birth name: Hassan Feridon
Marriage: Sahebeh Arabi
Kids: He has four children
Education: University of Tehran, BA, 1972; Glasgow Caledonian University, M.Phil., 1995; Glasgow Caledonian University, PhD, 1999
Religion: Shia Muslim
Rouhani is a cleric. His religious title is Hojatoleslam, which is middle in the religious hierarchy.
In the 1960s and 1970s he was arrested many times as a follower of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Iranian media refer to Rouhani as a “diplomatic sheik”.
1960 – He began his religious studies in a seminary in the province of Semnan.
1977 – Under threat of arrest, he leaves Iran and joins Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in exile in France.
1980-2000 – After the overthrow of the Shah, Rohani serves five terms in the National Assembly.
1983-1988 – Member of the Supreme Defense Council.
1985-1991 – Iran’s air defense commander.
1988-1989 – Deputy Commander of the Iranian Armed Forces.
1989-1997 – National Security Advisor to the President.
1989-2005 – Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council.
1989-present – He is the representative of Iran’s Supreme Leader Seyyed Ali Khamenei on Iran’s Supreme National Security Council.
1991-present – Member of the Country Council of Eligibility.
1992-2013 – President of the Center for Strategic Research.
1999-present – Member of the Council of Experts, the group that elects the Supreme Leader.
2000-2005 – National Security Advisor to the President.
2003-2005 – Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator.
June 14, 2013 – He won the presidential election after getting more than 50% of the votes.
August 4, 2013 – Rouhani is sworn in as Iran’s seventh president.
September 19, 2013 – He writes a column in The Washington Post calling for compromise and a “constructive approach” to issues like Iran’s nuclear weapons program.
September 25, 2013 – In stark contrast to his predecessor, Rouhani condemns the actions of the Nazis in the Holocaust.
September 27, 2013 – He speaks by phone with President Barack Obama, the first direct conversation between the leaders of Iran and the United States since 1979.
July 14, 2015 – After negotiators reached a nuclear deal in Vienna, Rouhani touted the deal’s benefits on Iranian television, saying, “Our prayers have come true.” The agreement calls for curbs on uranium enrichment and research in exchange for relief from economic sanctions.
September 28, 2015 – Rouhani addresses the United Nations General Assembly, “A new chapter has begun in Iran’s relations with the world.” However, he also says that America and Israel are partially responsible for the increase in global terrorism: “If we did not have the US military invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq, and if the United States did not have unconditional support for the inhumane actions against the Zionist regime. Oppressed Palestinian nation, today the terrorists would have no excuse to justify their crimes.
September 22, 2016 – Rouhani accused the United States of “non-compliance” with the nuclear deal agreed in July 2015. In July 2015, he spoke to world leaders at the United Nations General Assembly in New York. ,” referring to the US Supreme Court’s decision in April 2016 to allow US terror victims to seek nearly $2 trillion in damages from Iran’s central bank.
May 20, 2017 – Rouhani won the election after getting approximately 57% of the votes.
September 20, 2017 – During a press conference by US President Donald Trump at the UN General Assembly in which he described the nuclear deal with Iran as an embarrassment for the US, Rouhani asked the Iranian people to apologize for his “insulting” comments and “baseless” accusations. including Trump’s assertion that “the Iranian government hides a corrupt dictatorship behind the false appearance of a democracy.”
July 22, 2018 – Addressing diplomats in Tehran, Rouhani warned the US that a war with Iran would be the “mother of all wars”.
September 25, 2018 – In an interview with CNN’s Christiane Amanpour, Rouhani says Iran is sticking to the nuclear deal. If the remaining signatories do not “live up to the pledge” after the US pulls out, Iran will reassess.
November 5, 2018 – In public remarks at a cabinet meeting, Rouhani says Iran will “proudly” break US sanctions that took effect a day earlier. The sanctions — the second round of which were reimposed after Trump pulled out of the nuclear deal in May — hit Iran’s oil and gas industries, as well as its shipbuilding, shipping and banking industries.
May 8, 2019 – Rouhani has announced that Iran will reduce its “commitments” to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), but will not withdraw completely. In a televised speech, Rouhani said Iran would keep excess enriched uranium and heavy water, rather than sell it to other countries as agreed to limit its stockpile.
July 3, 2019 – Rouhani has announced that Iran will begin enriching uranium at a higher level than is allowed under the JCPOA. He vows to revive work on the Ara heavy water reactor, which was suspended due to the nuclear deal.
September 26, 2019 – Rouhani has announced that Iran has begun using advanced models of centrifuges to enrich uranium in violation of the JCPOA.
January 3, 2020 – Qasem Soleimani, leader of the Quds Force unit of the Islamic Guard Corps since 1988, has been killed in an airstrike ordered by US President Donald Trump at Baghdad International Airport. Rouhani says the United States has made a “serious mistake” and “will face the consequences of this criminal act not only today, but also for years to come.”
January 11, 2020 – Rouhani has apologized to the people of Ukraine after the Iranian armed forces downed a Ukraine International Airlines passenger plane in Tehran, considering it a hostile target. He promised to hold those responsible for the January 8 tragedy to “accountability,” according to a reading of his call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy.
June 19, 2021 – Ebrahim Raisi has won the presidential election in Iran.
August 5, 2021 – Raisi has been sworn in, replacing Rouhani as Iran’s president.