More than 9.2 million pre-election ballots have been cast nationally, with early voting and absenteeism continuing ahead of the 2022 term.


More than 9.2 million pre-election votes have been cast in 40 states, according to data from election officials, Edison Research and Catalist. Early voting remains on pace for 2018, the highest midterm voter turnout in recent history in states for which Catalist has data for both cycles.

However, it is still too early to say whether total voter participation will exceed that of 2018, as voting habits may have changed significantly in recent years.

Florida continues to have the highest number of pre-election votes, with nearly 1.4 million. More than 90% of those votes were cast by mail. Some Florida counties will begin voting later this week, but all counties are set to begin voting on Saturday.

California was the second state with more than 1 million votes, and Georgia passed that threshold at noon Tuesday. according to Gabriel Sterling in the Georgia Secretary of State’s office.

Nearly 640,000 early votes have already been cast in Pennsylvania, where John Fetterman and Mehmet Oz will meet tonight to debate the critical race for the Commonwealth Senate.

Democrats make up the vast majority of voters who have already cast ballots in the Keystone State. As of Tuesday, 73% of Pennsylvania voters are now Democrats, and 19% are Republicans. Although the scale is smaller, it is similar to this point two years ago, when 73% of the votes were cast by Democrats and 18% by Republicans.

These data are not predictive of final results. In recent years, Democrats have been more likely to vote before Election Day, while Republicans have preferred to vote on Election Day.

Some of the voter data comes from Catalist, which provides data, analytics and other services to Democrats, academics and nonprofits to help track who is voting ahead of November.

Pre-election voters are generally older in Pennsylvania than they were in 2020. So far 88% of Pennsylvania voters are 40 or older, up from 81% at this point in 2020.

This is largely due to the increase in voters over the age of 65. These voters have cast 60% of pre-election votes so far, and 50% two years ago. The biggest declines were among voters aged 22-29, who went from 7% two years ago to 4% now, and among those aged 30-39, who went from 11% two years ago to 7% now.

So far, Pennsylvania’s primary electorate is also made up of more white voters than it was in 2020. So far 88% of Pennsylvania voters are white, and 8% are black. Two years ago, 81% of voters were white and 13% black.

This story has been updated with additional developments.