The White House released a non-binding AI Bill of Rights



CNN

The White House released a set of guidelines on Tuesday that will encourage companies to make and deploy artificial intelligence more responsibly and limit AI-based surveillance, even though few U.S. laws require them to do so.

The guidelines that have been in the works for a year are not binding in any way. But the White House hopes it will persuade tech companies to take more steps to protect consumers, including clearly explaining how and why an automated system is used and designing AI systems to be fair. The initiative joins other voluntary efforts to adopt rules on AI transparency and ethics from government agencies, businesses and non-governmental groups.

Although the use of AI has increased in recent years, it is used to confirm the identity of people for unemployment benefits or to create a very realistic image to respond to a written invitation. — The US legislative landscape has not kept pace. There is no federal law that specifically regulates AI or applications of AI, such as facial recognition software, which has been criticized for years by privacy and digital rights groups for privacy issues and wrongful arrests. At least several black men, among other things.

A single state has its own rules. Illinois, for example, has a law known as the Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA) that requires companies to obtain consent from individuals before collecting biometric data, such as fingerprints or facial geometry scans. It also It allows Illinois residents to sue companies for alleged violations of the law. Since 2019, some communities and states have banned the use of facial recognition software in various ways, although a few have since rolled back those rules.

The Plan for an AI Bill of Rights includes five principles: that people should be protected from systems deemed “unsafe or ineffective”; that people should not be discriminated against by algorithms and that AI-powered systems should be made and used “fairly”; that people should be protected from “abusive data practices” through safeguards built into AI systems and control over how data about them is used; that people need to know when an automated system is being used and how it may affect them; and people should opt out of these systems “when appropriate” and get help from a person instead of a computer.

“Much more than a set of principles, this is a model for empowering the American people to expect and demand better from their technologies,” Alondra Nelson, acting director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, said in a press release. briefing Nelson added that the plan is to “enable the American people to expect and demand better from their technologies.”

While some privacy and technology advocates have responded positively to the guidelines, they point out that they are just that, guidelines, and not binding.

In a statement, Alexandra Reeve Givens, president and CEO of the Washington DC nonprofit Center for Democracy and Technology., said, “Today’s agency actions are valuable, but they would be even more effective if they were built on a foundation established by a comprehensive federal privacy law.”

In a separate statement, ReNika Moore, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Racial Justice Program, called the principles “an important step in addressing the harms of AI” and that “there should be no loopholes or limitations to these protections.” ”

“It is critical that the Biden administration use all available levers to make the promises of the Bill of Rights blueprint a reality,” Moore said.