UN General Assembly in New York


US President Joe Biden will arrive in New York on Tuesday. (Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images)

President Biden is expected to lean on his administration’s field to reform the United Nations Security Council, in the face of flagrant violations of the UN charter by one of the Council’s permanent members: Russia.

“The council needs to be more representative of more of the world’s population, and filled with countries willing to defend the charter and work together on common issues,” a senior State Department official said Tuesday, ahead of Biden’s speech. To the UN General Assembly.

It remains to be seen exactly what the US president will say on this matter, and whether the US will make specific proposals this week.

“I hope the president will address the issue of reforming the UN Security Council while he’s in New York. We’re still working with the Secretary-General and others that he does publicly or communicates privately with,” national security adviser Jake Sullivan said Tuesday.

U.S. UN Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield announced earlier this month that the U.S. would “veto a resolution,” which requires permanent members to explain their vetoes to the General Assembly. He also said that the Security Council “should better reflect current global realities and incorporate more geographically diverse perspectives.”

Biden will not directly call for the removal of Russia from the Security Council, but he will talk more specifically than before about reforming the council.

One official suggested the US could push to expand the council’s permanent membership.

There are currently five nations with permanent veto-power seats on the council: the United States, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom.

“Historically, we have named three countries that we think should be members of the Security Council: Germany, Japan, India,” said a senior State Department official. “So, I think, if the president sparks a real conversation, and we get back to serious negotiations, about those countries that will benefit. We’ll support that.”

However, they also said that “the idea is to spread more widely”, and they pointed out that we have “entire continents that do not have permanent representation” in the council.

Officials say this is an important issue to address, especially in light of Russia’s war in Ukraine. A senior State Department official has accused Beijing of violating the principles of the UN Charter, citing as an example Beijing’s response to Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan.

CNN’s Kevin Liptak contributed to this post.